Scarring is actually part of normal wound healing. When the skin is damaged through trauma, surgery or an inflammatory skin process (such as acne), it heals by producing new epithelial cells to cover the surface layer and new collagen to repair the deeper dermis.
This process also requires the development of new blood vessels to feed the healing skin and the recruitment of various inflammatory cells and molecules that ultimately help skin healing.
The new vessels and inflammation can lead to redness and tenderness in the new skin/scar and the new collagen is sometimes thicker than the original, undamaged skin, which can lead to thick, raised and indurated (hard) scars.
Healing skin continues to remodel for a year after the ‘trauma’, so sometimes, waiting, together with good wound and skin care is all that is needed, or will let you minimize the required intervention.
How a wound heals or scars will depend on the type of wound, the body site, the genetic healing characteristics of the individual (eg, dark skin may be more prone to keloid formation), the tension on the wound while it is healing, and even the wound care.
It can be difficult to treat scars with any physical intervention because it can actually cause more scarring in some cases (e.g. keloids).
It can be difficult to prevent scarring. Avoiding or minimizing the ‘trauma’ in the first place, is obvious.
There are two relatively straightforward categories that encompass all acne scars: hyperpigmentation (dark or red marks) and indented, or depressed, scars (blemishes that actually form topographical cavities on the surface of skin).
The difference here is easy to spot visually. However, the technical differences between the two are what really separate them: Brown and red stains left on the skin fall into the pigmentation category, but they are also different from one another.
The brownish markings left behind are affectionately known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), whereas red or pink markings are known as post-inflammatory erythema (PIE).
These scars are all typically expected to go away on their own over the course of several weeks to a couple months. But there are ways to speed that process along.
Vitamin C is a popular skincare ingredient that works to reduce red acne scars by stimulating the skin’s natural regeneration. As the skin is stimulated to produce new skin cells, the new skin emerges from underneath and pushes the old, scarred skin off and away.
Vitamin C is super effective for renewing the skin safely.
However, there’s no need to drop a bunch of cash on a vitamin C product when you can get the same results much cheaper, and naturally.
To use strawberries as a skin treatment, simply slice up a good juicy strawberry. Riper is better. Rub each slice around your face, let the juice dry, then use the next slice.
This will layer up the strawberry juice on your skin for maximum effect. Let sit overnight, and rinse off in the morning.
The National Honey Board notes that honey contains many naturally occurring acids. These include alpha-hydroxy acids such as citric acid, lactic acid, and malic acid.
Plus, honey is a natural anti-bacterial, squashing acne bacteria that can lead to future pimples. A complete skincare routine for acne-prone skin will both treat scars and prevent future breakouts. Honey fills both of these roles, making it a very convenient and potentially time-saving option.
Skip the alpha-hydroxy skin creams and reach into your kitchen cabinet for some honey. Raw honey is better than pasteurized honey.
All you have to do is apply it evenly to the affected skin area, wait for 20-30 minutes, and rinse it off with lukewarm water. Repeat this nightly for consistent treatment and best results.
According to Andrea Cespedes, citrus fruits of all types are rich in citric acid, an alpha hydroxy acid. This means that lemons, oranges, and grapefruit can all be used as a home remedy for acne scars.
Before bed, gently rub a slice of lemon or orange on your face and let the juice dry. Leave it there overnight, and rinse your face in the morning. You’ll see the fastest results if you do this every evening.
If you want to prevent future blemishes at the same time as you treat red marks, opt for a lemon. Lemons in particular are great for their natural anti-microbial abilities, just as with honey. You can even combine honey and lemon juice into the same mask treatment to maximize the benefits.
Be cautious using lemon on your face, especially if your skin is sensitive or has any open, unhealed acne lesions.
You may want to start by diluting the lemon juice with water the first time you do the treatment, and gradually increase the strength to see how much your skin can handle without excessive stinging and irritation.
Environ’s Focus Care Clarity+ Range contains various combinations of scientifically researches ingredients that may assist in improving the appearance of breakout-prone skin. This comprehensive 3-phase system offers a complete skincare solution that is tough on confidence-crushing breakouts but easy on skin.
Phase 1 is to clean with the Sebu-Wash Gel Cleanser & combat the appearance of congestion with Cebu-Tone Clarifier.
Phase 2 is to control using Sebu-Spot Blemish Gel to target spots. Sebu-Lac Lotions assists in improving skin texture; and Sebu-ACE Oil nourish skin with essential A, C and E.
Phase 3 is to clear using Sebu-Clear Masque to help reduce the appearance of confidence-crushing breakouts.