Those who have sensitive skin all report similar symptoms: redness, irritation, inflammation and the general feeling that their skin is “one size too small.”
But the underlying cause of such reactions is varied—and identifying the cause of the sensitivity plays the biggest role in honing in on how to treat the skin. “Ninety-eight percent of those who identify as having sensitive skin, have one of three types,” says Mount Kisko, NY, dermatologist David E. Bank, MD.
Below, we break down the causes.
People who have eczema first discover the condition as early as infancy, and are prone to having sensitive skin for their whole life.
This is a genetic condition that causes skin on the face and body to feel very dry with a sandpaper texture. Those who suffer from eczema have a problem with their skin’s outer barrier function and their skin has trouble retaining water, leading to dehydration.
The way to handle and treat it is by being placed on the simplest of routines and using the most mild of cleansers and liberal applications of quality soothing moisturizers. If your skin flares up and becomes inflamed or itchy, you may have to use topical cortisone creams prescribed by a dermatologist.
There are certain materials–for example, a Brillo pad or rubbing alcohol–that when applied or rubbed onto skin in sufficient quantities will cause irritation for everyone.
Those who have sensitive skin, however, have a much lower threshold for when that irritation occurs. Someone with sensitive skin will react much quicker to certain irritants than those with normal skin.
Some of the most common irritants that cause reactions include soap, alcohol and exfoliating products.
Those who have sensitive skin can tolerate these ingredients in much, much lower quantities, so it’s best to avoid those ingredients in your skin care products.
The third type of sensitive skin care irritation is caused by an allergic reaction to something that has come into contact with skin, resulting in sensitivity, redness, inflammation and raw patches.
The most common skin allergies that many people are prone to are fragrances (both synthetic and natural) and certain preservatives such as parabens.
Anyone who suffers from allergic contact dermatitis should always take care to avoid products that contain fragrances or parabens and see their dermatologist for further allergy testing.
The cause of Sensitive skin usually has an outer layer of skin that is thinner than the general skin. As a result, the response of nerve point is much higher, so it is easy to react to trivia.
For example, while in cold, the skin feels dry, or when applying certain cosmetic products, suddenly the skin becomes red, itching and stinging.
In general, the skin becomes sensitive or easily problematic due to two factors:
A person’s skin type is generally heredity of his parents. Likewise with sensitive skin. Even the descent is the main factor causing sensitive skin. If you already have a talent or descent of sensitive skin, the presence of trigger factors would make easier problematic skin.
This is a factor that triggers the emergence of an allergic skin reaction. Several things can trigger skin problems, such as medicines or cosmetics that are applied to the skin, stress, and environmental factors.
Medicines and certain cosmetics can peel the skin to the deepest layer, so the skin becomes difficult to return to the initial condition.
Thin crust as a result of using unsuitable medicines and cosmetics, will cause the loss of moisture skin. If the moisture as skin’s outer protective factor is missing, the skin will become vulnerable to foreign objects, so skin makes an allergic reaction as a defense.
That’s why dry skin is also prone to problems when exposed to something. So, moisture becomes critical in protecting the skin from external factors.
Another factor that can trigger skin problems is decreased body condition, stress, and the environment such as exposure to sunlight and extreme temperatures.
On decreased body condition or stress, everyone could have skin problems, such as, easy to have skin irritation or skin allergic. It is due to decreasing body condition that also may reduce skin resistance.